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Research and Information Literacy

Start Your Research.

Determine resource relevance and credibility.

ABC Evaluation Strategy

Consider this strategy when evaluating any information resource. Ask questions and develop an informed perspective!

Authority: consider the author and his/her credentials; have they established authorship on the subject? Can you verify their authority on the subject?

Bias: consider the apparent and hidden biases within the resource; determine the author's aim/agenda. Are they writing on behalf of an institution? Can you determine the audience? Does the resource rely more on opinion and emotional appeal OR facts, data, analysis, and analogy? What could be influencing the topic's interpretation?

Credibility: consider the content; use critical thinking to assess the accuracy of the arguments and claims; pay attention to the source's currency, terminology, and content type (scroll through the "content type" options in the catalog search).

Meditate on these points whenever you access a resource; seeking to clarify, verify, and guide further inquiry. 

Scholarly Article Essentials

ProQuest Research Companion

JSTOR: Establishing Credibility (Research Basics)

JSTOR Daily: Media Literacy & Fake News (A Syllabus)

Adobe: Content Authenticity Initiative

Fighting Visual Disinformation Using Adobe's Content Authenticity Initiative Attribution Tool.

ACRL's Information Literacy Framework

HOW-W5 Evaluation (Alternate Strategy)

Who created the resource?

Consider the author's credentials and who was the intended audience of the resource. Record the author's name for citation.

What is the resource about?

Consider terminology, read the abstract if available. Record the title for citation.

Where is the information coming from?

Record the place of publication, publisher, institution, and URL number for citation.

Why is this resource available/advocated?

Consider the intended audience, author agenda, and how the resource's purpose affects the information it offers.

When was the information created?

Record the date the resource was created/updated, as well as your 'date of access' for citation.

How accurate or credible is the resource?

Is the resource governmental? Peer-reviewed? Can it be considered as scholarly communication/publication?

Information Literacy Books